Tennessee Army National Guard, P.O. Box 10167

Knoxville, Tennessee 37939-0167





Publishing Date

31 March 2000

Bulletin Number 00-04



a. STRENGTH. Regardless of our training requirements and demands, strength will remain our Number ONE priority. Leaders must interview soldiers who will ETS within a 90-day period. We presently have a program in place that addresses the specific responsibilities of each leader. All leaders must be involved in all recruiting and retention programs.

Each squadron and separate unit commander will be required to brief BG Hargett on 15 Apr 2000. If you think this going to be a painless meeting with BG Hargett, you're wrong. You will be required to answer some difficult questions such as:

Why is your strength at its present level?

What recruiting and retention programs do you have implemented?

What community activities are your units involved in and what are the results?

What are you doing to improve your MOSQ? Etc.

If you as a leader are not involved in recruiting and retention, then you are obviously in the wrong leadership position.

b. MAINTENANCE. The Regiment's OR rate is well below our standard. I basically use the 5988E as a document that drives the entire logistics/maintenance process in requesting repair parts and work orders. I have found that at the unit level, there is a lack of quality control in ensuring that the document is complete and that all deficiencies are identified. Leaders oversee maintenance activities during both IDT and AT. If you as a leader are not totally involved in the units maintenance activities, then your OR rate will reflect the lack of involvement. I will personally look at the flow of 5988E's during AT-2000 within all units of the Regiment.

c. REP-63 PROGRAM. The REP-63 and Split-Option Training program was a success during its initial IDT period. The Regimental and Squadron CSM's are overseeing this program and have my total support. I expect each leader to recognize the importance of this effort and give it appropriate resources and attention. As a result of this program, we're expecting 93 guests to attend training at Catoosa this coming weekend.



a. STRENGTH: As of 27 March 2000, the strength percentage for the Regiment is 83%.

b. SIDPERS: When submitting favorable documentation to SIDPERS, i.e., grade changes or extensions, a TN 0345 (Weight Statement) is required. However, when you submit a TN 0584 (Request for Personnel Action) there is not a requirement for a TN 0345.

c. ENLISTMENT PHYSICALS: In accordance with AR 135-91, paragraph 3-3, soldiers who have not completed IADT are not subject to unsatisfactory participation processing. DO NOT carry a soldier AWOL or unexcused absent if they have not completed AIT. Soldiers may drill for pay. If soldier elects not to attend drill, report the soldier as constructive credit.

Soldiers who report to the MEPS and found temporarily medically disqualified for overweight or have unpaid traffic tickets or court fines may be retained in the ARNG. Soldiers who enlist under 270 day or 360 day delay must ship within these time frames and delays beyond 270 or 360 days may not be granted for overweight status or for pending civil action. Example of this policy below:

Example: Soldier enlists 1 Jan 98 under 270 day delay. Reports to the MEPS 180 days later on 30 May 98,and found to be overweight, has 90 more days to ship. You cannot delay beyond 270 days for overweight.

Glossary non-prior service soldiers may be paid for all drills attended. Same rules apply for personnel reporting in accordance with AR 135-91, as stated in paragraph 4 above.

d. CHAPTER 2 PHYSICALS AT MEDDAC: Effective immediately, the following pertains to prior service physical requirements:

1. Prior service applicants who still have status (initial eight-year military service obligation, and prior to six months after initial military service obligation discharge) can be enlisted with a Chapter 3 physical.

2. Prior service applicants who no longer have status (more than six months after military service obligation discharge) must have a Chapter 2 physical.

3. MEDDAC's can no longer conduct Chapter 2 physicals.

e. TUITION ASSISTANCE: Rates for tuition assistance beginning on 1 Oct 98 is 75 percent of tuition costs up to $187.50 per semester hour. The maximum yearly allowable amount is $3500 per year. (Reference: Memo, TAPC-PDE, HQ, USA TAPC, Subject: Army’s Tuition Assistance Policy Guidance - Fiscal Year 99, 30 Jul 98) Soldiers who do not complete a course (and exit with a failing grade) due to non-attendance will have tuition assistance funds recouped. (Reference: Memo, NGB-ARP-PP, Subject: Clarification on Method of Obligation for FY-97 Tuition Assistance Funds, 21 Jul 98)

f. MONTGOMERY GI BILL RATE INCREASE: Increased rates for the Montgomery GI Bill are effective 1 Oct 99. Monthly rates for colleges and other institutions are $255 for full-time, $191 for ¾ time, $127 for ½ time, and $63.75 for less the ½ time.

g. ARMY PAY CENTER MILITARY PAY INFORMATION LINE: The Army Pay Center (DFAS) now has a military pay information line. The number is 1-800-755-7413. The soldier must go to the Army test menu by pressing 1. Then simply follow the instructions. This number should be used by all TN ARNG soldiers for pay inquiries to include amount and deposit date of last payment.

h. TRAVEL COSTS: Federal employees who travel on government business should be aware of the new GSA policy with regard to hotel taxes. Previously, a federal traveler might wind up paying for hotel taxes out of his or her own pocket because the hotel rate was set at the prevailing per diem rate. Under the lodgings-plus system in effect, travelers are only reimbursed for actual hotel rates up to a fixed maximum for a locality. The new system allows hotel taxes to be reimbursed as a separate miscellaneous expense.

i. ARMY PHYSICAL FITNESS TEST: Effective 1 October 1999 all soldiers will be tested under the new Army Physical Fitness Test.

j. DRILL ATTENDANCE POLICY: Several states have recently contacted NGB concerning the inability to continue paying soldiers who had reached the pre IET drill cap. FY 98 enlistment criteria established the drill limit as 270 for high school graduates. If you have someone who has exceeded the 270 mark then they are being paid erroneously and should be removed from pay status. Recoupment of monies paid erroneously is not required. The FY 99 enlistment criteria states that the Adjutants General can personally extend personnel beyond 270 for very specific categories specified in paragraph 4-4a(3) of the enlistment criteria. This criteria was effective starting in September 98 and therefore no one should be eligible until at least July 99. Request that you thoroughly screen your personnel in Pay Category "P" to ensure that erroneous individuals are removed and that close attention be placed in this area to ensure compliance with FY 99 enlistment criteria. The reason that the criteria went into effect for September 98 is due to a shortage of training seats for those young individuals who wanted specific MOS.

k. ACTIVE DUTY SOLDIER: When soldier(s) are ordered to active duty for 8 days or more, there are two important steps that must happen for the soldier to be paid promptly upon completion of duty.

1. On the first day of duty their orders must be certified that the individual "reported for Duty" and forwarded to Military Pay on a numbered TL.

2. Upon completion of the duty their orders must be certified "that the duty was

performed" and forwarded to Military Pay on a new TL.

l. DD 1351-2 Reviewers: Reviewers of travel vouchers should ensure accuracy of the following blocks before forwarding to USPFO-Travel:

  1. Is itinerary complete?
  2. Did claimant sign?
  3. Is travel by POC; is block marked?
  4. If travel is one day, is duration of travel indicated?
  5. Are appropriate receipts attached?
  6. Copy of orders attached?
  7. Did soldier request split disbursement, if government travel card was used?
  8. Is SNA control number indicated if certificate of non-availability is used?

m. MGIB KICKER: Effective 1 October 1999 thru 1 March 2000, the MGIB kicker is $100.00 per month:

1. NPS (CAT I-IIIa)(minimum ASVAB score 50) for designated high-priority units; and currently serving personnel in high-priority units who have served at least 3 consecutive years in the ARNG and who extend to show a six year obligation on or after 1 Jul 99.

2. AD Army soldiers who come from active duty (no more than 30 days after discharge) to the ARNG for 6 years can receive the Kicker amount only for the $100.00 per month.

3. Recruiters and unit personnel are reminded that 1 copy of the Kicker contract (NGB Form 5435-1-R) should be given to the recruit/soldier and the ORIGINAL must come to the ESO.


1. It is imperative that all Government Travel Card cardholders be informed about the use of the Split Disbursement Option method of reimbursing the NationsBank/VISA for charges made to the Travel Card.

2. This information should be of special interest to the frequent and long-term travelers who may not be in a position to receive mail during periods of TDY. There have been occasions where the traveler, because he/she did not have access to the Travel Card statement of charges, failed to make timely payments to NationsBank. These travelers found that NationsBank suspended the card if prompt and accurate payment was not made by the date specified.

3. Use of the Split Disbursement Option allows the traveler to send the amount charged against the card directly to NationsBank. He/She may continue on the TDY period without interruption in the Government Travel Card Service. The procedures are as follows:

a. Upon completion of the TDY period (or every 30 days for long term travelers) travelers will complete the DD Form 1351-2, Travel Voucher or Subvoucher. Long-term travelers are encouraged to use the Split Disbursement Option. Those individuals should be provided with the necessary forms to file a PARTIAL CLAIM FOR REIMBURSEMENT every 30 days. The traveler should fax the completed 1351-2 along with copies of receipts (where required) and orders to the USPFO Resource Management Division, Voucher Exam Branch at FAX # CML (615) 313-0877/DSN 683-0877 with a cover sheet stating in large bold letters PARTIAL CLAIM FOR REIMBURSEMENT. These partial claims for reimbursement are priority 1 because of the traveler's need to keep the reimbursement cycle flowing. It is advisable for the traveler to obtain the telephone number of the Voucher Exam Branch prior to departing on travel. The numbers are CML (615) 313-0879/DSN 683-0879.

b. Block #1, Payment, offers various methods of payment. One of the methods is Split Disbursement. Put an X in that box. (See #4, below, for information regarding forms that do not show the Split Disbursement Option in Block #1)

c. This method also allows travelers to indicate the amount of money that should be forwarded directly to NationsBank. Total all receipts showing exactly what was charged to the VISA and write that amount where the form asks Amt to Govt Tvl Charge Card $_________(Block #1, Payment). Traveler may also write ALL on the line and all but $6.00 of the reimbursement will be sent to NationsBank.

d. For the older DD Forms 1351-2 that do not show the Split Disbursement Option in Block #1 (Payment) go to Block #22. In block #22 (Accounting Classification) write the following statement:

Amount to Government Travel Card $_________________.

Travelers will then proceed to follow instructions shown in #3, above, by writing in the total dollar amount charged against the card or the word ALL.

4. It should be emphasized that NationsBank is suspending Government Travel Card privileges without hesitation if payment is not made according to terms of the acceptance agreement signed by each cardholder. Privileges may (emphasis on may) be reinstated if the account balance is paid in full by the date NationsBank determines appropriate. This reinstatement of privileges is strictly the decision of NationsBank. NationsBank does look favorably upon those travelers who have used the Split Disbursement Option but through some quirk of the system payment did not arrive by the specified date.

5. Many travelers are under the assumption that the Travel Card Company does not have to be reimbursed until he/she is reimbursed by DFAS. This is not the case. Cardholders need only to read the terms and conditions of the NationsBank/VISA agreement to understand that waiting to receive DFAS reimbursement is not acceptable. The reimbursement from DFAS for charges placed against the Government Travel Card does not belong to the individual but to NationsBank. This should be considered a temporary loan from the card service and is to be repaid in full by the date determined by NationsBank.

6. All travel reimbursement claims must be reviewed prior to being forwarded to the USPFO Voucher Exam Branch. Reviewers should question a traveler who has not marked the Split Disbursement Option and indicated the amount to be forwarded to NationsBank. There should be not reason that the traveler would not want the card service reimbursed as soon as possible.

7. For the benefit of travelers and Commanders, request that Unit Commander or the individual in the unit who handles travel card matters, brief all cardholders on this correspondence. I sincerely believe that it will cut down on future problems.

8. Questions regarding this information may be directed COL Noles at commercial (615) 313-2633/DSN 683-2633, SSG Janice Crocker at commercial (615) 313-2634/DSN 683-2634 or 1SG Jerry Fowler at commercial (615) 313-2635/DSN 683-2635.

o. EMPLOYER SUPPORT FOR GUARD AND RESERVE: Each unit has been invited to honor their employers with a local breakfast or lunch to show appreciation for their support to the Tennessee Army National Guard. Please poll your units and have interested units contact CW2 Polly Fly at (423) 594-3206. This breakfast or lunch will be funded by ESGR.

p. PAY RAISES FOR FY 00: There will be two military pay raises next year, the basic pay raise, 4.8% at last report, on January 1, 2000 and targeted pay raises on July 1, 2000 which can be up to 5.5% for those few who receive it. The targeted pay raises are one-time adjustments to the military pay scale that do not apply to everyone but rather based on rank and time in service. More information will be provided, as it becomes available.

r. NEW SPECIAL PAY: As part of the fiscal 2000 Defense Authorization Bill, DOD and the Congress are working on three new special pays for FY 2000: career enlisted flier incentive pay, special warfare officer pay and surface warfare. The career enlisted flier incentive pay would apply to all services, while the special warfare officer pay would only apply to Navy SEALs.

s. IDT POINTS: National Guard members are eligible to earn up to 75 inactive duty points per year (effective after 23 September 1996 as of your Retirement Year Ending Date (RYE)). All soldiers are encouraged to review RPAS and ensure all points are posted. Documentation must be submitted to verify points.

t. COMMISSARY PRIVILEGES: Reserve soldiers are now entitled to 24 visits to the commissary. New policy also allows National Guard members on state active duty for federally declared disaster operations to use commissary stores. This applies only while the member is on state active duty. A copy of orders stating the individual in serving in support of a federal disaster. The new 2000 commissary privilege card will contain 24 blocks for recording dates of visits. Soldiers need the commissary privilege card should contact their unit.

u. NATIONAL GUARD ASSOCIATION’S OF TENNESSEE (NGAT) SCHOLARHIP PROGRAM: NGAT Scholarship Program: NGAT has allocated $9,000.00 for scholarships. One scholarship ($1500.00) is exclusively for active members of the Tennessee Army or Air National Guard. Two scholarships ($1500.00) are for active annual or active life members of the NGAT (these scholarships may be awarded to son or daughter of an annual or life member. Two scholarships ($1500.00) are for active members of the Tennessee Army or Air National Guard (if an active member does not qualify the scholarships may be awarded to any qualified son or daughter of a member). One scholarship ($1500.00) is for active members of the Tennessee Army or Air National Guard or their qualified son or daughter, who were mobilized in support of Desert Storm. Interested individuals contact unit representative for applications. Application must be submitted to NGAT NLT 15 June 2000. An additional scholarship of $500.00 (MG Jerry R. Wyatt Memorial) is also being awarded. Criteria for application may be obtained through your unit representative.

v. MICA Scholarship Program: The Military Intelligence Corps Association provides scholarship for enlisted members (active and reserve) of the Military Intelligence Corps. Applicants must be graduate of an accredited high school or posses a GED, be accepted by an undergraduate college, university or state approved vocational program and agree to maintain a 3 credit hour schedule during off-duty session. The application must contain 3 letters of recommendations, two of which must be written by the Squadron Commander and Command Sergeant Major. The recommendation should be one-page, single spaced and detail the applicant educational goals. Also include a transcripts from all colleges or universities attended or a copy of high school diploma or GED Certificate. For additional information contact your unit representative. Applications must be received NLT 31 May 2000.

w. Youth Camp 1999: Youth Camp will be held in Smyrna, TN during 25 June 2000 – 1 July 2000.

x. BANK OF AMERICA GOVERNMENT CARDHOLDER: Bank of America has issued "Holiday Convenience Checks" to some of the cardholders. Please be advised that these checks are not a part of the Government Travel Card program. This program is only for individuals who have a Military Banking Debit Card. Do not use these checks unless you have a Military Banking Debit Card.

y. INTERSERVICE PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT TRAINING PROGRAM: Personnel interested in the PA program should contact CW2 Fly at 423-594-3206. The desired experience is 36 months in 91 CMF or other medical MOS; 24 months in civilian sector as medical personnel; 60 hours college (30 in residence); GT Score 110. For further information please contact CW2 Fly.

z. CAS3 WAIVER: The Army has waived CAS3 as a selection criterion for the 2000 Major Promotion Board for Reserve Components.

aa. ANNUAL MEDICAL CERTIFICATES: Commanders are reminded of the annual requirements to inspect soldiers prior to Annual Training periods. The Annual Medical Certificates (AMC) is an additional requirement for soldiers to complete during the first two quarters of the training year and before any AT period. DON’T FORGET A REMARK MUST BE ENTERED ON DA FORM 1379. Commander should excuse any soldier who has a statement from a civilian or military doctor stating the training could medically harm the individual. Pregnant soldiers may be taken to AT with approval from the soldier’s doctor.

bb. VOLUNTEER LEADERSHIP WORKSHOP: The Family Program Office will conduct a Volunteer Leadership Workshop 14-16 April 2000 in Knoxville, TN (Holiday Inn Select). This training is intended to assist and guide family program volunteer in establishing and maintaining local family readiness groups. If you know of any interested individual please contact MAJ Teresa Cheek in Nashville, TN.


1-2 April 2000 Report NLT 2200, 31 Mar 00

6-7 May 2000 Report NLT 2200, 5 May 00

3-4 June 2000 Report NLT 2200, 2 Jun 00

Annual Training FT McClellan, AL 10-24 Jun 00



a. There are several training opportunities available for MI soldiers. These opportunities span periods from two weeks to a month or more. These ranges from live exercise augmentation, SCIF work in Utah, or drug work in South America. Any interested soldier should contact their S2 or contact 1LT Mitch Murray, (865) 594-[3262] / DSN 921-[3262].

b. The SEARISC is conducting S2/ACE Combat Operations courses on the following dates 18-24 January, 03-14 April, and 21 August - 01 September. The course will be conducted at the RTI Smyrna, TN. They are also are having ASAS workshops 18-28 January, 03-14 April, and 21 August-01 September. POC 1LT Mitch Murray.

c. There are numerous opportunities to learn the intricacies of the NTC; Right-Seat Ride, OC Academy, OPFOR Augmentation, and Rotational Augmentation. The S2 shops need to take full advantage of these opportunities. The 118th eSAB is in need of 98G and 96R OC's for their rotation. This would be a fantastic opportunity to see the NTC operations from the inside. POC CPT Robert Covert (865) 594-[3234] / DSN 921-[3234].

d. Soldiers holding Confidential and Secret Clearances are now subject to periodic review. If a soldier has not had a periodic review in the last ten years is required to accomplish a SF 86 and request a review. STARC can now grant interim TS Clearances after completion of the complete Security Clearance packet and review by DPER-C. If there is ANY derogatory information in the packet the interim TS will not be granted by STARC.

e. The S2 Company, http://www.s2company.com , homepage is a great resource for intelligence templates and how to information.

f. The Regiment has recently acquired laptops for WARLORD. These will have the newest version of the program and be fielded to the Squadrons NLT AT 00.

g. MAP UPDATE FOR FORT KNOX-AREA: Any units requiring maps of Fort Knox and surrounding areas should submit their map orders to Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) and/or National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) immediately. These maps are out-of-stock at the NIMA source. The NIMA inventory control representative advises that 1:50,000-scale Fort Knox Specials and various sheets in the multi-panel Fort Knox set are about to be printed. This will be the only batch printing of Fort Knox-area maps for some time to come.

The numbers of Fort Knox maps printed will depend solely on how many orders DLA/NIMA have in their system at time of printing. NIMA strongly suggests that all units of the regiment have their orders in ASAP so that enough maps may be printed. Please contact SGT Joe Holloway at (865) 594-[3227] / DSN 921-[3227] with any questions.

h. WARLORD MAPS OF FORT KNOX-AREA: For those squadrons employing WARLORD systems, RS2 has just received 1:50,000-scale Fort Knox Specials, multi-panel 1:50,000-scale Fort Knox-area maps, and 1:250,000 JOGS on CD-ROM in ADRG format. These CD-ROMs will be issued to the squadrons by RS2 shortly. POC: SGT Holloway at (865) 594-[3227] / DSN 921-[3227].



a. YEARLY TRAINING BRIEFING. The Regiment will be conducting its Yearly Training Briefing on 16 Apr 00 at Bldg. 500, VTC, Smyrna, TN. It begins at 0900 CDT. This is a very important briefing because we will be telling the CG 1st Army, the CG 7th ID & Ft. Carson, and the Adjutant General of Tennessee how we plan to train from 1 Oct 00 through our NTC rotation in 2002. We have an excellent plan (see b. below), now we just need to present it well. MG Soriano, CG 7th ID and the Regiment's Senior Mentor, must write a memo to the CG, FORSCOM, this summer that either validates that we are on track for the NTC or not. Therefore, expect him to ask lots of questions. The timeline for the weekend is as follows (all times are CDT):






Saturday 15 Apr 00


Rehearse YTB

Sqdn/Sep Unit Cdrs & Tng Officers/RNCO's



How We Fight the Regiment Seminar

Sqdn/Sep Unit Cdrs & Regimental BOS Chiefs



USR Update Brief to BG Hargett

Sqdn/Sep Unit Cdrs & Sr FTSP Rep

Sunday 16 Apr 00



Sqdn/Sep Unit Cdrs & Tng Officers/RNCO's

b. 2-YEAR TRAINING PLAN MEETING. The Regiment finalized and de-conflicted our 2-year training plan in a meeting on 9 Mar 00. Changes to this training plan require Regimental approval! As soon as I can get the calendar converted to Outlook, I will post it on the network. I'm also trying to figure out how to post it on our website.

c. MOSQ. If you need to be reminded, here it goes. Strength is the Regiment's number 1 priority. Right behind that is MOSQ!!! Soldiers who are not Duty MOS qualified WILL go to an MOSQ course unless they are overweight. If the course has an IDT Phase I and an AT Phase II, there shouldn't be any job conflicts. TY-01 is the last chance we have to MOSQ soldiers for the NTC! Furthermore, non-MOSQ soldiers cannot be promoted. Make sure you counsel every non-MOSQ soldier in your unit and get them enrolled in ATRRS!

d. AT-01. Although I'm not sure a final decision has been made, it looks like the Regiment will be going to Ft. Knox for AT-01. Right now the plan is as follows:

1 NTC Ground Sqdn w/ Avn, Engr, ADA, MI, & MST slices

31 Mar 01 - 14 Apr 01

HHT/278, 4/278(-), 3-115 FA, 201 Engr Bn, SPT/278(-), 278 Cm, 278 ADA(-), 278 MI(-), 1/269 MP Co

7 - 21 Apr 01

1 NTC Ground Sqdn w/ Avn, Engr, ADA, MI, & MST slices

14 - 28 Apr 01

1 Non-NTC Ground Sqdn

5 - 19 May 01

e. SOP's. The common SOP's for Squadrons, Troops and TOCs are on the street. Read them and use them during AT-00. In late Aug or early Sep 00, we will meet at Knoxville to discuss and make all changes that need to be made. After that date, the SOP's are in concrete until after NTC!

f. RULES OF ENGAGEMENT FOR AT-00. I now have an electronic copy of the ROE Handbook that our O/C's will be using at Ft. Knox during AT-00. It is available in my Share folder if you're on the RCAS Network. If you're not on the network and you want a copy, send me an email and I will email it to you. I didn't want to send it out to everyone because of its size (1.44 Meg zipped). You also need Office 97 to open the file -- it's in an OBD (binder) file.



a. Equipment Transfers. In conjunction with the RPBO, we are scrubbing last quarter’s USR and directing lateral transfers to increase our readiness posture. For example, Thunderbolt has an ERC A shortage; Warriors has that same item on hand in an ERC B line. We will transfer that item to fill the ERC A shortage.

b. Excess Property. If you have it, turn it in. If you have it and want to keep it, justify it.

c. Lateral Transfers. This applies to transfers whether inside or outside of the regiment. If you are the gaining unit, get it coordinated. If you are having problems with the losing unit, get me involved. If you are the losing unit, get the property prepared for transfer. If the gaining unit is not coordinating the transfer, get me involved.

d. Surveys. Some general rules. When a third party soldier’s name is mentioned in a sworn statement as part of a survey, get a sworn statement from that third party soldier also and include it in the survey. If a soldier has separated, include a copy of the separation order. Get a statement from the soldier's supervisor or the FTSP of the unit to collaborate things such as damage or inoperative locks.

e. Thanks for the participation in the Squadron/Separate Unit Supply SGTs meeting Tue 28 Mar 00. I appreciate the information requirements brought to our attention and we will get some resolution to them. The RS-4 shop will reply NLT 24 Apr 00 and brief results during our Ft Knox MATES visit.



This month’s quote should make you pause and think about what we owe our veterans and what one generation really sacrificed for our freedom. Are we mentally strong enough to face terrors such as this? How do we train for such realities of war?

"… So it began. The Japanese herded their captives north out of Bataan on foot, like driven cattle. The East Road was jammed, and the Japanese truck convoys bringing troops south for the Corregidor offensive had to bull their way through…

…They ransacked officers’ bags and took eyeglasses and cigarette cases and Parker pens. They came swaggering through collecting officers’ wristwatches in five-gallon cans, and they said that anyone who held back would have his throat cut. They chopped the fingers off officers to get at their gold West Point rings. One captain had some Japanese money, and for that they chopped his head off. Another officer was holding his men’s money, white money; the Japanese took it and shot him. A lieutenant bent to help a captain who had fallen; the Japanese shot the captain and ran a bayonet up the lieutenant from behind.

All of this was before Balanga – meaning that even before the first big staging point on the way to O’Donnell, the Japanese were randomly killing surrendered American officer prisoners of every rank below general.

As for Filipino prisoners, after the surrender some Japanese were halting men from the 91st Division at a roadblock, shaking them down group after group, sending privates on their way, holding the noncoms and officers. On the third day, the Japanese tied them at the wrists with phone wire, then tied them man to man, and herded them into a ravine near the Pantingan River. There they got a speech, through an interpreter: Dear friends, pardon us. If you surrendered early, we will not kill you. But we suffered heavy casualties. So pardon us. If you have any last wish before we kill you, just tell us. The Japanese officers and noncoms started at one end of the line with their swords, the Japanese enlisted men at the other end with their bayonets. They killed from behind. The butchering took two hours. Between three and four hundred bound men were killed. There was blood and screaming until nightfall. And by the best-informed guess, the Japanese senior officer who turned up in person at the ravine to give the killing order was Nara Akira, a general, a brigade commander. Nara graduated before the war from the United States Army’s Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, and before Benning he had been a student at Amherst College; but with him the white American liberal arts education did not take.

It is conventional wisdom in war to say that a captive is in greatest danger of being killed right after he is taken. His captors may not have eaten or slept for days themselves. They may be close to the edge of craziness. They have the smell of death in their nostrils; they are still wound up tight to kill. They have seen their comrades-in-arms killed; their blood runs hot for revenge. Not long into the march, before Balanga, between Cabcaben and Lamao, the surgeon of the 192nd, Alvin Poweleit, was seeing a dead American every couple of hundred yards, and more dead Filipinos than he could count. Poweleit was only one pair of eyes on one short stretch of road, less than five miles. The slow limping march of the prisoners out of Bataan went on for days more, lengthening to weeks, and all that time the killing went on, from the battle front to the rear, south to north, start to finish. Beyond Balanga, meaning days into the march, one American started counting bodies with heads chopped off. At twenty-seven he stopped because he could not bear to count any more, it was driving him out of his mind, and he was still far short of Lubao – meaning more than one head chopped off per mile while he was keeping count, probably closer to two. Not deaths of all kinds, just heads chopped off, and only the heads this one man saw.

These were killings not only by combat soldiers, but rear-echelon troops too, Japanese who had never used their guns and bayonets and swords in battle, slaughtering prisoners days and weeks after surrender..."

For further reading; "Prisoners of the Japanese." Gavan Daws, Quill, William Morrow, New York

If you have read any book that you want to quote or review in the Old Bills Chips, please submit it to [email protected] or fax it ATTN: MAJ Hensley, CML (865) 594-3241.


April 2000


Regimental Base IDT

COL Price


USR Briefings @ Knoxville

MAJ Archer


2/278 Gunnery @ Ft. Knox

LTC Adams


Paladin OMNET (63D) @ Maryville, TN

MAJ Archer


Paladin OPNET @ Maryville

MAJ Archer


1A Terrain Walk @ Ft. Knox

MAJ Archer


"AA" Unit USR Update Briefing to BG Hargett @ Smyrna (1900 hrs)

COL Price


Yearly Training Briefing @ Smyrna

MAJ Archer


Financial Readiness Workshop

CW2 Fly


M1A1 Block G MWO @ Jamestown

MAJ Hensley


FTSP IFSAS Training @ Knoxville

CPT Knott


State Readiness Committee Meeting @ Nashville

MAJ Archer


Meeting with LTC Loudenslager (Paladin NET Chief) at Knoxville @ 0900

MAJ Archer

28-4 MAY

M1A1 Block G MWO @ Mcminnville

MAJ Hensley



May 2000


M1A1 Block G MWO @ Ashland City

MAJ Hensley


Regimental Base IDT

COL Price


State CEP @ various units

LTC Murphy


M1A1 Block G MWO @ Springfield

MAJ Hensley


M1A1 Block G MWO @ Ft Campbell, Ky

MAJ Hensley


Ft. Campbell Scheduling Conference

MSG Mays


Paladin OMNET (63D) @ Maryville, TN

MAJ Archer


Armor Trainer Update/Scheduling Conference/Armor Conference @ Ft. Knox

MAJ Archer

24-2 Jun

FIST Support to 3-115 FA Paladin NET @ Cp Shelby, MS

SFC Williams

June 2000


Regimental Base IDT

COL Price


State Training Meeting & State Training Site Scheduling Conference @ Smyrna (Sqdn Tng Officers attend)

MAJ Archer


AT-00 @ Ft. Knox, KY

1/278(-), O/4/278, (-)SPT/278

COL Price


Regimental Base IDT (ILO Jul IDT)

COL Price


USR Briefings @ Knoxville

MAJ Archer

July 2000


AT-00 @ Ft. Knox, KY -- 278 ACR (-)

COL Price


State Readiness Committee Meeting @ Nashville

MAJ Archer

29-12 Aug

AT-00 @ Ft. Knox, KY

3/278(-), Q/4/278, (-)SPT/278

COL Price

29-18 Aug

Paladin NET @ Camp Shelby - All HWB's

MAJ Archer

August 2000


Regimental Base IDT

COL Price


D-720 NTC Conference with NGB @ Smyrna, TN

MAJ Covert



September 2000


Regimental Base IDT

COL Price


MACOM Commanders' Conference @ Knoxville

LTC Murphy


218th SIB (SCARNG) NTC Hotwash AAR @ McGhee-Tyson Airbase

MAJ Covert


HHT/278 Drill

CPT Gipe

October 2000


Regimental Base IDT

COL Price


Leader Training Program @ NTC

MAJ Archer