HEADQUARTERS 278TH ARMORED CAVALRY REGIMENT

Tennessee Army National Guard, P.O. Box 10167

Knoxville, Tennessee 37939-0167

http://www.geocities.com/278acr/

        

OLD'E BILL'S CHIPS

Publishing Date 4 January 2002

Bulletin Number 02-01

1.      SABER 6 - REGIMENTAL COMMANDER (COL HASTON):

a.      Retention and Recruiting: The Regiment has shown an overall improvement in strength this current TY. We have a gain to date of 42 soldiers with all Squadrons, with the exception of one, showing positive numbers. About four years ago a directive was issued instructing each unit to have a visible display of it's strength progress and what positions that need to be filled in that particular unit. This directive is still in effect and Commanders should use this as a tool to keep focus. It also helps to combine the efforts of the unit and the unit's recruiter. How is your monthly counseling program going? CSM Pippin and I have been checking this and getting lots of excuses. This must be done monthly! The Regiment is currently at 81.12%. Each Command has access to the monthly strength report (GPFR-1200M). Use this document to analyze your unit. It clearly depicts what you have lost and gained over the last month and year to date.

b.      AT-02: We are 149 (as of 3 Jan 02) days away from AT-02 and our National Training Center rotation. Its time to get focused. This will be the best training event that this Regiment has ever experienced and every soldier should make the best of it. As leaders have we prepared our soldiers both physically and mentally? Are vehicles ready to go? Do you have all the items you need to conduct operations? Do all your soldiers know the dates of the NTC and have they informed their employer? Has all your duffel-bags been marked? These are questions that have to be answered now.

c.      Regimental TACSOP: This document has been published for over a year now. We have used it in several exercises but have all key leaders read it? Have we read our Squadron TACSOP and does it coincide with the R-TACSOP. This is critical to our success. The 1st thing that an OC will ask you is "Are you following your TACSOP?”

d.      "Old Bills University": 11-13 January 2002, the Regiment will conduct its 5th OBU. This event is designed to exercise our ability to synchronize indirect fires throughout the Regiment utilizing Mortar, organic HOW Batteries, DS and GS Artillery. It also is designed to tax our ability to call for fire and get it at the right place at the right time. To accomplish the above we must be able to talk digitally! During this event we will not simulate this task. Come prepared to communicate. As BG Thurman says “If you ain't talking, your just camping out!"

e.      LOGEX: The Regiment will conduct its 2nd LOGEX 1-3 February 2001 at the Smyrna Training site. Like OBU, it's our last chance to synchronize logistical support prior to our rotation. Logistics will be our "Achilles heel" at the NTC if we don't get it right. Again communications both up and down and understanding the critical flow of timely information must be stressed. The first team must be present. Commanders, don't blow this off!

f.      Physical Conditioning: Every year is soldier is supposed to take an APFT. This is not happening in all cases. Some soldiers look for reasons and fabricate physical conditions just prior to the test so they don't have to take the test. Others take the test and simply fail. Soldiers cannot get into physical condition during one weekend each month and taking the test once a year. This only makes you sore in both attitude and body. Each soldier must make a personal commitment to themselves and their families to get in better condition. You have time now to get in shape before the NTC. Please take advantage of it so you don't become a "real" battlefield casualty.

g.      Annual Training 03: I know that it seems like a long way away but plans for AT-03 are being laid now. It appears that AT will be conducted at FT Knox and for some units at FT Campbell, KY. This will be the year of gunnery and individual training. Soldiers who are not MOSQ will go to school this year. We are going to attempt to establish a 19D/19K two-week course if we can get it resources and approved.

h.      Family Support Groups: During the December IDT, I attended a FSG meeting at Iron Troop, 3/278. They had over 70 family members present. This unit has skyrocketed in strength and in moral. FSG makes a difference. Where does your unit stand? Is your team in place? It will make a difference not only for the NTC but also for the longevity of the unit. It will reduce the anxiety among family members by providing them a source of information.

i.      Supply Accountability: Over the past few months I have reviewed an inordinate amount of Report of Surveys. Some of these have been legitimate training losses but others have been pure carelessness. Soldiers are responsible for their equipment and its care and security. TA-50 is supposed to be stored and secured at the armory. Accountability is critical and serious business. I will continue to look carefully at each survey but remember, it is a Command and Leadership issue!

j.      EANGTN & NGAT: Now is the time to renew your membership! 100% in both organizations should be the goal of each unit. Leaders, explain to your soldiers what these organizations do for them and the TNARNG. Mark the conferences on your calendars: NGAT is 22-24 FEB 2002 and EANGTN is 22-23 Mar 2002, both are in Nashville, TN. Professionals belong to professional organizations!

2.      SABER 5 - EXECUTIVE OFFICER (LTC BELEW):

a.      NTC Push. Christmas and New Years are behind us and I hope Santa was good to everyone. The NTC rotation is now only days away. The pressure to complete the NTC specific training is reaching critical mass and we must make our focus completion of those training requirements. Even as we complete the individual training we are heavily into several staff training events. Next week we will have our 5th annual Old Bills University where we integrate all our fire support assets in the digital world and conduct a full up communications exercise using all the fire support nets. This will be at the Volunteer Training Site in Smyrna and will be the last time we practice our fire support before the NTC. The second staff training event will be the LOGEX also held in Smyrna in February.

b.      Strength. Even as we focus on completion of our NTC requirements we must not forget that without Recruiting and Retention we will not have the necessary strength to compete in the desert. Don't let the opportunity to recruit new soldiers slip away as more and more Americans demonstrate the desire to serve their country in some way. We must continue to take care of our soldiers that are a part of the regiment and invite others to become Cavalrymen and women. There are hundreds of vacancies across the regiment that require dedicated soldiers to fill. I ask each of you to continue in your effort to take care of your soldiers and invite others to join our ranks.

c.      Additional ADSW. The opportunity for our soldiers to have additional active duty is here. In the next several months we will be sending track mechanics and operators to Fort Knox to assist in the preparation of our equipment for the NTC. The RS-4 has sent out a letter with some of these opportunities listed and more will follow. Start asking your soldiers now if they are available for these positions, we need as much help as we can get. These jobs will increase as we get closer to rail load time. We will need track and wheel drivers as well as every maintenance MOS to assist us as we prep the vehicles for the rail move to the NTC. Start asking your soldiers now if they will be willing to assist in the deployment as well as the redeployment.

d.      Schools ILO the NTC. This is a reiteration of Saber 6's notes and my previous notes. The focus for AT in 2002 will be the NTC. If you desire a school it will not be in lieu of the NTC. If you cannot get away from work for the additional days of the course and do the 21-day AT at the NTC you will have to wait till 2003 to attend the school. There are soldiers already trying to get out of AT. Excuses from AT at the NTC will not be granted unless life and limb are at stake. We expect every soldier to do his duty next summer and be at the NTC. All of you are part of a team that depends on everyone doing their job to make that team perform. That makes the job that each of us has to do easier instead of having to do our job and theirs as well. If you are part of the team then I expect you to be a team player. Annual training is a condition of your enlistment along with the IDT periods. Taking the oath makes a pledge of your personal honor that you will support the organization above your own desires.

e.      Officer Association and Dues. It is that time of year again and the annual officer's association conference will be here in less than 2 months. I strongly urge each and every one of you to support the association and make plans to be in Nashville 22-24 February. It is through our association that we pledge ourselves to the organization that gives us the opportunity to serve the state of Tennessee and our nation. Let no one forget this country is at war. Much as our fathers and grandfathers were at war with other enemies we are at war with a foe that has killed American's on our native soil. Now is not the time to waiver with your pledge to protect and defend the United States of America.

3.      SABER 7 - COMMAND SERGEANT MAJOR (CSM PIPPIN):

a.      NCO/Enlisted Soldiers of the Year: Congratulations to SGT William Johnson, Troop I , 3/278 and SPC Ruth Smith, HHT 278 for being selected as Regimental Soldiers of the Year. These two soldiers will represent the Regimental before the State Soldier of the Year Board this weekend (5 Jan 01). The competition this year was the best I have seen in 12 years. There are a lot of outstanding soldiers in this Regiment.

b.      NTC-02: It is time now to get "Real" serious about NTC. By now you should have an idea what equipment, soldiers and other resources that are marked for this rotation. We have been sending information down range on bag markings, packing lists, SOPs and other information to prepare you for NTC. I expect all NCOs to make sure all information flows to soldiers they are leading. However, I am still getting questions on packing lists and bag markings.

c.      Recruiting and Retention: As the Regimental CSM, I am concern about unit's Strength Maintenance Programs. Do they actually exist? We are still losing to many soldiers according to the data I recently observed. As I stated in a previous chips, Are you counseling your subordinates the right way? Are you motivating your subordinates? And are you training your section? Questions to think about.

d.      New Year: I want this year to be noted as "THE YEAR OF THE REGIMENTAL NCO CORPS". I am wishing all soldiers a prosperous New Year and a successful NTC rotation.

1.      SABER 1 - PERSONNEL & ADMIN OFFICER (MAJ JONES):

a.      RETIREMENT SEMINARS ARE BACK!!!! Good news for soldiers eligible for retirement. State Headquarters will once again be conducting retirement seminars. Below is a list of locations and dates the seminars will be held.
        KEEP IN MIND - these seminars are only for individuals who receive an invitation to attend. NO WALK-INS ARE ALLOWED!!!!!
        Soldiers should be getting their invitations and a request for orders in the mail. It is important to stress the importance of returning their request for orders as soon possible. There is a long waiting list for these seminars and empty slots will be filled accordingly.
        Seminars are scheduled as follows (All seminars begin at 1000 hrs.)

        Soldiers were placed at seminar locations based on their home of record in SIDPERS. All coordination, rescheduling and questions can be directed to SSG Kirk at TNNET 3225 or Commercial: 865-582-3225. If you have soldiers who are in need of a seminar and aren't on the list, please contact the RS-1 and we will forward the request to STARC.

a.      FSGLI REFUNDS.

1.      All FSGLI allotment STOPS that were processed for Active Component soldiers in the month of December 2001 will receive their refund in the month of January 2002.

2.      Reserve component soldiers that had a collection in November and are due a refund will also receive their refund in the month of January 2002. These refunds will also cover all additional coverage declinations that were entered on the Webpage in the month of November and the first 6 days of December. An 8286A does not need to be submitted for the refund to process.

3.      Any declinations or reductions that were entered into the Webpage from 7 December 2001 up to and including 31 December 2001, will be processed either by the end of month January or by min-month February 2002.

4.      Any declinations entered into the Webpage OR 8286A's signed after 31 December 2001 WILL NOT be processed for authorized refunds for November and December 2001.

5.      All refund requests submitted after 31 December 2001 will require off-line processing. This process has not been fully developed.

6.      As more information is made available, it will be passed on.
7.      Further questions may be directed to the RS-1.

b.      PAY INQUIRIES. Individual soldiers are asked NOT to contact the Military Pay Section directly. All pay problems, as with any other issue, should be handled through the appropriate chain of command.

1.      SABER 2 - INTELLIGENCE & SECURITY OFFICER (MAJ KIEFER):

a.      ATFP - The Force Protection level has been reduced but the possible threat still remains. We must stay aware of our surroundings and any possible threat. Don't make the mistake of thinking that a Guardsman would not make a good target for a terrorist. There are several groups who would take the opportunity to attack one of our soldiers to bring publicity for their cause.

b.      Security and accountability of Government property is all our responsibility. If you are signed for a piece of equipment it is your responsibility to safeguard that piece of equipment. If you "loan" any government property to a soldier, make them sign for it. Lost/Stolen equipment is paid for out of all our tax dollars. It is not just the Army that is losing money, it is all of us.

c.      Common Ground Station will be fielded in March 02. This system will greatly enhance the Regiments ability to exploit EAC intelligence assets. This system will allow the MI CO and the CGS operators the ability to participate in live exercises going on around the globe.

d.      Personnel Security Clearances are looking better. There are still units, which are dragging their feet though. Units should not wait for drill to get the SF-86 to soldiers needing a periodic review. Mail the SF-86 to the soldier and have them return it at drill. The world situation is causing the system to slow down as it is. The Regiment does not need to add any more time to the process.

e.      There are several opportunities for MI ADSW tours at NGB. These are both Officer and Enlisted. If you are interested contact CPT Mitch Murray at (856) 582-3229 or [email protected].

2.      SABER 3 - OPERATIONS OFFICER (MAJ ARCHER):

a.      LTP & TEWT. An Admin OPORD for the combined operation will be published NLT 5 Jan 02. The Regiment's final LTP before the NTC rotation will be 28 Feb - 6 Mar 02. We are planning on taking approximately 120 personnel from the NTC task organization. The LTP will be followed immediately by the TEWT on 6-10 Mar 02. The purpose of this exercise is to conduct a walk through of deployment, RSOI, tactical missions, re-generation and re-deployment in preparation for our NTC Rotation 02-09. This TEWT will focus on the Regiment's maneuver commanders down to platoon leader/platoon sergeant level. The Regiment is shipping almost 100 vehicles (mainly HMMWV's) to Ft. Irwin to support this event.

b.      Unit Status Report (USR) / Training Assessment Model (TAM). Paper and electronic copies of the TAM are required quarterly with the Unit Status Report (USR). Commanders are supposed to use this as a training management tool with it being updated after every training event. Also, remember to bring your USR "Step" slides with you to the USR briefs on 8-9 Jan 02.

c.      Yearly Training Briefing (YTB-03). The Regiment's YTB is currently scheduled for 10 Feb 02. We will have a rehearsal on the afternoon of 9 Feb 02. Exact details are TBP. We will use last year's YTB format with addition of 2 or 3 slides. Draft Yearly Training Guidance will be published right after OBU.

3.      SABER REDLEG - FIRE SUPPORT OFFICER (MAJ HART): Ole Bill's University will be held at Gyle-Grubb Training center in Smyrna, TN, 11-13 Jan 02. LOIs have been published. Orders have been requested. Lodging and meals are available. See you there!

4.      SABER SAFETY -- REGIMENTAL SAFETY OFFICER (CW4 STONE): Now that the cold weather is here, the regiment may be called to respond to emergency situations throughout Tennessee. We should consider personal protection, since we cannot help others if we cannot protect ourselves.

FROSTBITE

a.      WHAT IS FROSTBITE? Frostbite, simply defined, is the freezing of the skin and/or the bodily tissues under the skin.

b.      WHAT DOES FROSTBITE ACTUALLY DO TO THE TISSUES? The fluids in the body tissues and cellular spaces freeze and crystallize. This can cause damage to the blood vessels and result in blood clotting and lack of oxygen to the affected area.

c.      IS FROSTBITE A SERIOUS CONDITION? Yes, it can be. Serious cases of frostbite have been known to kill and damage tissue to the extent that amputation has been required. The extent of frostbite is best evaluated by a qualified medical professional.

d.      WHAT PARTS OF THE BODY ARE MOST COMMONLY AFFECTED? Most often, the hands, feet, ears, nose and face suffer frostbite.

e.      WHAT CAUSES FROSTBITE TO OCCUR? Frostbite is caused by exposure of the body to cold. Several factors can contribute to its development:

1.      Length of time a person is exposed to the cold;
2.      Temperature outside;
3.
      Force of the wind (windchill factor);
4.
      Humidity in the air;
5.
      Wetness of clothing, shoes and body coverings;
6.
      Ingestion of alcohol and other drugs;
7.
      High altitudes.

a.      IS IT TRUE THAT FROSTBITE CAN OCCUR IN JUST A FEW MINUTES? Yes. If the conditions are cold with a high windchill factor or if the temperature is bitterly cold, the brief exposure of uncovered body parts (for example, the ears) may actually result in frostbite in just minutes.

b.      ARE THERE CERTAIN MEDICAL CONDITIONS THAT MAY PUT A PERSON AT GREATER RISK FOR FROSTBITE? Yes, the elderly and young are particularly susceptible. Also, persons with circulation problems; history of previous cold injuries; those who ingest particular drugs (such as nicotine, and beta-blockers); and those with recent injury or blood loss are at risk. Although not medically related, it seems that persons from southern or tropical climates may also be more at risk.

c.      CAN I PREVENT FROSTBITE? You can try! It is certainly easier to prevent frostbite than treat it. Review this list:

1.      Proper clothing for winter weather insulates from the cold, lets perspiration evaporate and provides protection against wind, rain and snow. Wear several layers of light, loose clothing that will trap air, yet provide adequate ventilation. This is better protection than one bulky or heavy covering. Choice fabrics for the cold are wool, polyester substitutes and water-repellent materials (not waterproof, which holds in perspiration). Down coats and vests are warm; however, if down gets wet it is not an effectively warm fabric.

2.      Coverings for the head and neck are important. Hats, hoods, scarves, earmuffs and face masks all add up to good protection.

3.      Protect your feet and toes. Wear two pairs of socks -- wool is best, or cotton socks with a pair of wool on top. Wear well-fitted boots, high enough to cover the ankles.

4.      Hand coverings are vital. Mittens are warmer than gloves, but may limit what you can do with your fingers. Wear lightweight gloves under mittens so you'll still have protection if you need to take off your mittens to use your fingers.

5.      Be sure your clothing and boots are not tight. A decrease in blood flow makes it harder to keep the body parts warm and increases the risk of frostbite.

6.      When in frostbite-causing conditions, remember to dress appropriately, stay near adequate shelter, avoid alcohol and tobacco, and avoid remaining in the same position for long periods.

d.      WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF FROSTBITE?

1.      Mild frostbite (frostnip) affects the outer skin layers and appears as a blanching or whitening of the skin. Usually, these symptoms disappear as warming occurs, but the skin may appear red for several hours after.

2.      In severe cases, the frostbitten skin will appear waxy-looking with a white, grayish-yellow or grayish-blue color. The affected part(s) will have no feeling (numbness) and blisters may be present. The tissue will feel frozen or "wooden". This indicates a very serious condition.

3.      Other symptoms that indicate frostbite are swelling, itching, burning and deep pain as the area is warmed.

e.      CAN I TREAT THE FROSTBITE MYSELF? If you think you may have frostbite, even if it is a mild case, it is highly recommended that a medical professional be consulted. The following list will provide some guidelines to decrease the chance that you suffer further injury:

DO. . .

DON'T. . .

a.      SUMMARY. Frostbite can be a serious, disabling condition. Use your head! Keep safety in mind when travelling in cold weather, during winter sports participation and when out and about during the frigid winter months.

1.      SABER 4 - LOGISTICS OFFICER (MAJ DARNBUSH):

a.      LOGEX. LOI and Lane Book were distributed via e-mail. Remember this is a Squadron effort. The results of Ole Bill University exercise will be the LOGEX starting point. As the CTCP or any rear Command Post the battle tracking and situational awareness is required. Start the exercise correctly with updated graphics and charts.

b.      EXCESS AND LATERAL TRANSFERS. The Regiment has 64 lateral transfers to complete within our organization. We continue to make strides. Excess remains an issue. Squadrons and Separate Units need to make the conscious decision to load an appropriate size vehicle and turn in to USPFO.

c.      INFORMATION AVAILABILITY. After reviewing several items the past two weeks, I am convinced we have the answers to the test (NTC). I have reviewed CDs labeled "NTC Heads Up" with info concerning Redeployment, CSS, and Class IV packaging. We need to review all materials available to us and be proactive in planning and preparing our units / soldiers for success at the National Training Center.

d.      AUEL. Units that did not complete its AUEL / DEL must do so by the end of this month.. POC is CPT Sharp.
e.      LOG MEETING. Next Regiment Logistic meeting is 230900Jan 02 in Knoxville, TN. Attendees are each NTC rotational unit Supply Sergeant, each Sqdn Sr Supply NCO, and OMS Chiefs.

f.      Rail Load Dates. Dates have been distributed. Units can be proactive and start planning convoy operations to each respective rail site. SSG Sturgill is POC.

g.      Radio Shipment to NTC. WARNO. All vehicles shipped to NTC will not have radios installed. More to follow.

2.      SABER SQUELCH - SIGNAL OFFICER (MAJ JESTRAB):

a.      As previously stated "Communications is a showstopper:" This must be a high priority for all units. If you cannot talk/use your authorized equipment we will have a terrible RSOI and not be released to the BOX. This being FM, HF, UHF, VHF radios, radars, Jammers, etc. Command Emphasis Required to make sure your units are ready. SIGOs to maintain unit status and keep me current. Each SIGO to email me with their Phone numbers and email address so that I can reach them (include your unit). ([email protected])(423-365-3259 wk < wk>, 423-744-7354 hm)

1.      We are on the fast track getting ready for our NTC rotation, a lot of planning, frequency requests, coordination with the NTC Bronco's and Spectrum Management is being performed.

2.      When units are asked for information such as a listing of all your Emitters, your immediate response is required. We have asked for this information from all units and only partial response has been received. We have to consolidate all the information, forward through state, and then NTC for them to solidify the spectrum and power levels that we will be using. Our suspense date is fast approaching and Mr. Newsom or I will be contacting the units directly.

b.      COMMEX NOV 3 & 4, MSRT'S and AM Radio's 278th had good participation for this Commex, the 711th Signal Bn helped us resolve a lot of problems encountered. We need to keep this equipment stored/secured such that it will be operable during the NTC rotation. Those units that had faults needing state maintenance should have sent those MSRTs/DSVTs for repair. Make sure this has been done and maintain a trace on the repair progress.

c.      c. Operator Manuals Make sure your have the -10's for all your communication equipment and your maintenance sections need the -20.  This is part of the PCC/PCI that will be checked during RSOI.

d.      Old Bills University, LOGEX, and TEWT During all these exercises and at any unit training your communication assets need to be pre-planned and AAR's completed. The Logex will exercise MSRT's, DNVT's, FM radios, ULLS Blasting, and TACLAN. The request for FM Nets for the NTC TEWT has been finalized and is being forwarded to NTC. The nets are geared towards command and control with a few frequencies for each Regt/Sqd/Trp level.

e.      Frequency Planning We need technical info on your equipment. If it transmits or receives a signal or emits energy (i.e. radar, IFF, etc.), put it on the list IAW the SOP. Most of the technical info can be found in the TM's. FM - air & ground, VHF- air & ground, UHF - air & ground, IFF - aircraft and ADA, HF - air and ground, HAVEQUICK, MSE, Communication intercept receivers (MI), Jamming (MI), Beacons (ATC) E/107, Radars (q-37) TAB Btry, Automation system's (Specify operating system), and the List of crypto-variables required, etc.

f.      Your units complete communication listings is now required. Our Tactical Phone books will be generated prior to NTC and changes will not be available after it issue. It is paramount that all unit fixed call signs, equipment type, using location (such as CTCP), user name by position, be correct. This equally applies to all attached units. Some units will be operating in single channel including CNRI (FM through MSE system) and these (Red frequencies) must be identified. This information needs to be forwarded to Mr. Newsom with cc to me. NOTE: Fixed call sign suffixes required if not already listed in TACSOP.