Tennessee Army National Guard, P.O. Box 10167
Knoxville, Tennessee 37939-0167


Publishing Date 07 July 2003
Bulletin Number 07-03





      a.  Retention and Recruiting:  Our Regiment is now 80% strength.   We cannot fall any lower!  Each unit must start a full court press on getting soldiers in the Regiment and the Tennessee Army National Guard.  Whatever it takes must be done.  I have directed that each unit develop a plan and a separate recruiting calendar depicting events that unit totally focuses on strength maintenance.  If your unit does not have this then you are far behind.  Its your unit ,your Army National Guard and your future.


b.  Deployment:  The Rumor mill is in full operation.  Units from the Regiment is going to Kosovo for a rotation.  Specific details are developing but it looks like a C2 Cell, One Air Cavalry Troop and a maintenance team from 4/278 will participate in KFOR 5B following with the same structure with the exception of the C2 cell for KFOR 6A.  There is also rumors of the 278 Military Intelligence Company participating in KFOR 5B.  This Headquarters has not received an official tasking order as of this publication.  I will keep you informed as the situation develops.


c.      Command Logistics Review Team (CLRT):  Most every unit in the

Regiment has undergone a CEP or COMET Inspection in preparation of the upcoming CLRT.  The CLRT is the most important logistical event that we have and we must be ready for it.  Each unit must take the results of their inspections and immediately fix the faults that were noted.  This is a Leadership event and will take everyone efforts to be successful.  Commanders, you are responsible.


      d.   Amnesty Boxes:  In a recent Logistical Bulletin, it indicated that each unit

must have a amnesty box.  This box along with a strong command climate can reduce our losses.  Make sure that you have one present.




      e.   Excess Equipment:  The RS-4 has been talking about excess equipment for quite some time.  If it is excess, I want it turned in.  Not later but now.  We have an accountability and storage problem and it is partly because of the clutter of excess equipment.  This is a key inspection point during the CLRT.  Get it turned in, no excuses!


       f.   Professional Associations:  Recently I sent out a roster of all units and

members of the enlisted association.  I was ashamed that we have that few members.  This organization does great things that you may never know.  If you are unsure about the value of being a member, ask someone what they do.  You will be surprised.  The National Guard Association US annual meeting is in Biloxi, MS , 14-17 September 2003. 


g.  BCBST Warfighter:  Our Warfighter went well.  I am proud of the Regiment and all the things you do in practicing your art.  I can tell you that the 1st Army Commander LTG Inge and our SRO, GEN ( R ) Hendrix was extremely impressed with your competence and professionalism.  Thanks for the hard work and great job.





Some people have called the Cold War “World War III” because of its global nature and included the Korean War and the Vietnamese War.  We won the Cold War, because of several reasons.  The first reason is the Soviets knew we had sufficient nuclear capacity for assured mutual destruction which prevented the Soviets from using nuclear war as a means to beat us.  Secondly, they built a huge conventional force built on masses of armored mechanized forces.  They knew our Army was good with better equipment but we had something they could never match which was a large standing, well trained, well organized reserve component force that could be mobilized quickly to double the size of our conventional forces and thrown into the fight.  The WARSAW Pact Countries could never afford to build a standing Army of sufficient strength to over come the advantage of the National Guard and Army Reserve in the United States.  Did being in the National Guard mean anything?  You damn right it did!

Some people have been grumbling now about not being mobilized for the War in Iraq.  I am the first person to say that I wouldn’t mind being mobilized to fight a war if we were really needed!  It would be demoralizing to be mobilized and taken away from my home, my job, and my community and never used because they really didn’t need us in the first place.  Do you think they needed us for the fight in Iraq?  No they didn’t and that is not an insult to us.  Look at the forces they didn’t need or use in the Active Army. 


Does your membership in the 278th ACR mean anything now?  Just like your membership meant something during the Cold War, it sure means something now because we are still facing other and more determined enemies in the war against terrorism.   More than ever before, Duty, Honor and Country is most important for all Guardsmen to keep our country safe and secure.





a.   SUPPLY ACCOUNTABILITY  We should be finishing our after AT inventories this month for most of the regiment.  Your commanders end balance hand receipts should reflect those shortages with the document numbers where the shortages have been ordered.  Your section hand receipts should reflect all MTOE equipment that the section has inventoried and has on hand in a serviceable condition.  A further part of this is excess equipment you have on hand.  As you do your 100% you need to collect those items no longer authorized or worn out and get them documented for turn-in.


b.   MAINTENANCE  We had a much less strenuous Annual Training this year and we should have had the opportunity to do maintenance on our vehicles.  Make sure to account for the mileage on our vehicles and get those numbers recorded in the ULLS boxes.  The mileage is how we get funded.  The OMS cannot do it all.  It is the unit’s responsibility to do at least 40% of the maintenance. 


c.   COMMAND LOGISTICS REVIEW TEAM (CLRT)  The regiment is on the block this year for the NGB CLRT.  For those of you that haven’t been through a CLRT it’s like the old IG.  They come in, spend a week with you and look at everything in your unit.  Checklists have been issued to units that give you the guidelines for your responsibilities.  We cannot fail this inspection.  Staff assistance visits will be coordinated from this HQ to assist you in meeting the requirement.


d.   RECRUITING AND RETENTION  We continue to lose good soldiers because we don’t tell them we care if they stay.  People are in the guard for a reason, they stay for a variety of reasons that we must identify and ensure those needs are met.  Keeping soldiers in and bringing new soldiers to the unit are critical to the success of the organization.  Every one of us must be the Retention NCO and the Unit recruiter.  Make sure your soldiers know what the guard can do for them and make sure every one you meet knows the benefits of joining up. 


e.   SAFETY  I have no idea how to get the point across that safety is every one’s business.  We have had more soldiers killed this year in POV accidents than in training or the war in Iraq.  That is just the tip of the iceberg.  We must do better.  CW4 John Stone sends out safety letters more than most of us wish for, but the fact is, he is trying to get your attention.  Saving a life is worth the read.




a.   NCO INDUCTION CEREMONY The NCO induction ceremony is a celebration of the newly promoted joining the ranks of a professional noncommissioned officer corps and emphasizes and builds on the pride we all share as members of such an elite corps. The ceremony should also serve to honor the memory of those men and women of the NCO Corps who have served with pride and distinction. The ceremonies should in no way be used as an opportunity for hazing, but more as a rite of passage.  It allows fellow NCOs of a unit to build and develop a cohesive bond, support team and serve as a legacy for future NCO Induction Ceremonies. The importance of recognizing the transition from “just one of the guys or gals” to a noncommissioned officer should be shared among the superiors, peers and soldiers of the newly promoted.  The induction ceremony should be held separate and to serve an extension of the promotion ceremony. Typical Army promotion effective dates occur on the first day of a month and when possible so should the induction ceremony.


b.   2003 ENLISTED BALL The annual enlisted ball will be held in Gatlinburg 12-14 December 2003 at the Holiday Inn, airport road. HHT Regiment will be hosting the ball this year and request the following units annual contributions, 1/278 ($500), 2/278 ($500), 3/278 ($500), 4/278 ($500), Support ($500), HHT ($100), 190 ($100), ADA ($100), CHEM ($100) and MI ($100). Stay tuned.


c.   THE ENLISTED ASSOCIATION All NCOs should be a member of the Enlisted Association. Each section leader and/or platoon SGT should support E1s to E4s in the Enlisted Association. The Regimental Command Sergeant Major is a Life Member.


d.   PROMOTION BOARDS AND SOLDIER OF THE YEAR BOARDS These two boards are coming soon.  Now is the time to start preparing so you will not be left out. Your soldier of the year candidates need to be selected by the December training weekend.


e.   Recruiting and Retention The best recruiting tool we have is a soldier who feels he or she is making a meaningful contribution; being trained well to do the job and who relates that satisfaction to friends at work and in the community.




a.   MORALE, WELFARE AND RECREATION FUND  Reminder the Annual MWR Report is due to this headquarters, ATTN:  RS-1, NLT 1 September 2003.  Please remember to furnish receipts for all humoneys received from the MWR account.  Your account will be frozen if receipts are not received NLT 30 days after issuance of check.  POC for this action is CPL Eileen McAfee at 865-582-3225. 


b.   RETIREMENT SEMINARS  If you have 19 good years of service or more and have not been to a retirement seminar, please schedule one through your unit clerk.


c.   DIRECT APPOINTMENTS  If you are an E-5 with a BS degree and have 2 years experience in the Army National Guard you may be eligible for direct appointment to 2LT.  Please contact CW2 Fly at 865-582-3206 for more information.


d.   OPMF ON LINE  Officers you may check you micro-fiche on-line @ Army Knowledge On-Line.  Please make sure all documentation is contained on your micro-fiche.






a.   REPORTING  Timely and accurate reporting is fundamental to the success of Regimental tactical operations, but we often seem to give it a lower priority when it matters most. SALUTE is not just a military courtesy, and SALT is not just a condiment. These are acronyms meant to help us remember PROPER reporting formats – Size, Activity, Location, Unit/Uniform, Time (of observation) and Equipment. The abbreviated format, SALT, is Size, Activity, Location and Time. Proper reporting is everyone’s responsibility. Incorporate it into your training and don’t accept any sub-standard reporting. Enforce the standard!


b.   BATTLE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT  Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) is another necessary report that helps the Regiment win the fight. Like spot reports, timely and accurate BDA is critical in helping commanders make informed battlefield decisions. Too often, a window of opportunity is not exploited simply because we do not have good BDA. When BDA is late or insufficient, it can slow our momentum and initiative, and allow the enemy time to react.




a.   ANNUAL TRAINING AND WARFIGHTER  The Regiment just completed another series of Annual Training's for this year. I would like to commend Third, Fourth and Support Squadron for their successful operations. These squadrons deployed, trained and then moved to Smyrna for the BCBST Warfighter.  The Regimental NCOs did an outstanding job completing the complicated task of conducting two operations at the same time.


The BCBST-03 WARFIGHTER has been my initiation into Regimental Operations. I would like to compliment the squadron commanders and their staffs for being agile and responsive. You all made my job much easier then it could have been. I would also like to recognize the RS-3 Section for the hard work and CPT Jack Coleman for his diligence in tracking and providing the support requirements for Leavenworth BCBST Team and CPT Steve Turner for keeping his eye on the Tactical OPORD. Remember keep the lessons learned from this operation and we can grow when we conduct the next BCBSTin TY-05.


We still have one annual training to be conducted by First Squadron and the 278th ADA Battery with elements from the Support Squadron. The Warrior Squadron is completing their IDT Gunnery and prepping themselves for success at Fort Knox.  




b.   Regimental Yearly Training Calendar (YTC) I have said the same thing about the REGIMENTAL YEARLY TRAINING CALENDAR the past several months.  This is a very valuable tool that I utilize to track resources and provide support. This has become a critical tool in planning and resourcing all training events in the regiment. CPT Turner cross checks this against TROUPERS to ensure that they match.  TY 2004 YTC’s are due to this headquarters NLT 15 July 2003.  If your training event is not on the Regimental YTC it will not have the visibility required to be resourced.    





a.   LOSTISTICAL FOCUS  The Regiment’s Logistical Focus for FY 03 is Pass CLRT.  To do this we must 1) Decrease Excess Property; 2) Complete Lateral Transfers; 3) Comply with CSDP; and 4) successful COMET’s.


b.   CSDP  Reference memo dtd 31 Jan 03, RS-4, subject:  CSDP Inspections FY-03.  The second CSDP “will review corrective actions”.  The re-inspection dates were previously identified so corrective actions can be monitored.  Our problem is – we don’t correct!!  POC is MAJ Darnbush.


c.   NEW EQUIPMENT FIELDING  New Medical sets for each squadron, HHT,  and 190 EN Co is planned for 12-17 Sep 03.  New equipment list was submitted to each gaining unit in Feb 03.  Units must conduct 100% inventory of “old” equipment.  Each squadron will be required to provide at least 8 soldiers to transport, inventory, and exchange items.  Memo TBP.  POC is MAJ Darnbush.


d.   CENTRAL ISSUE FACILITY (CIF) CONVERSION  CW2 Mangrum will conduct FT Supply SGT training in Jul 03.  References.  Memo dtd 27 Nov 01, AGTN-DOL; Memo dtd 11 Mar 02, USPFO-SS; memo dtd 5 Nov 02, AGTN-DOL.  Units were to complete 100% showdown inspection of all soldiers prior to 1 Oct 02.  Memo dtd 29 Jan 03 was distributed for specific unit execution, and e-mail, MSG Lewis, subject CIF Conversion, dtd 26 Jun 03.  POC is MSG Lewis.


e.   COMET.  It is the Sr Sqdn Supply Sgt and Sep Unit Supply Sgt’s responsibility to ensure update AMSS data on the ULLS-G.  They must ensure it is updated based on new equipment, lateral transfers, or H/R.  The AMSS data is the number one “NO GO”.  The number two “NO GO” is Primary Weapons and Equipment.  Re-inspections will be conducted thru August 2003.  POC is CPT Miller.


f.        AT 03  Annex I (Service Support) to OPORD 03-01 was issued Friday, 24 Jan 03.  Regardless of AT site location; EVERY MATES H/R MUST BE UPDATED – NO EXCEPTIONS!!  POC is MAJ Darnbush.



a.   RCO’S INTENT  As the regimental staff prepared for the June WFX over the past couple of months, I noticed, on several occasions, that other staff officers often referred to the Fire Support Plan as “the FSO’s fire support plan” or “MAJ McConnell’s fire support plan.”  I was also recently asked by an artillery commander, “What’s the RCO’s intent for fires?”  These statements and questions raise some interesting issues and points; so, I thought I’d use this OBC to discuss these perceptions of fire support, and attempt to change a few mind-sets along the way!.


b.   TEAM  I can honestly say that even my idea of fire support was different until I attended the BCTP seminar at Ft. Leavenworth last spring.  Like so many others, I grew up in an Army that did a pretty lousy job of stressing the fact that the staff has to work together as a TEAM to develop plans.  As a result, in my experience, the fire support plan was normally “pieced” together in the fire support M577, usually after each staff officer was handed his slice of the OPORDER from higher headquarters.  Some coordination took place along the way, but time constraints were always so great that the natural tendency was to hurry away and start writing a product.   A few times, I got lucky – I guessed right, and we had marginal success with fires.  However, usually the end product was so bad and de-synchronized, we might as well have not written anything at all.  We would probably have been more effective if we had simply gone to bed, gotten about 10 hours of sleep before the battle, and had clear heads so we could make timely, on-the-spot decisions based on incoming intelligence during the battle. 

      The BCTP seminar taught me that the fire support plan is simply one piece of the overall regimental plan.  It is not a stand-alone product, and as a result, has to be developed by the entire staff with input from all the players.  My job, as the Regimental FSO, is to guide the process, lend technical expertise where needed, and ensure, above all else, that the process is completed by the TEAM.  Along those same lines, the RCO does not have an “intent for fires.”  Rather, he has an overall intent on how he wants to fight the battle.  It’s the TEAM’s job during  MDMP process to war-game properly to ensure all fires, and all other staff elements, are integrated into the overall plan to meet the RCO’s intent.



  1. The Warfighter exercise is over and was a complete success. Thanks to everyone who made it so. All SIGOs who have good AAR items concerning signal issues may send them to me by e-mail at: . This includes any suggested changes to the signal portion of the Regimental TACSOP.


b.   Some quick thoughts about issues that came up during the Warfighter. To begin with, there were a lot of radios that still had NTC dirt on them. Obviously, maintenance was/is not being done and it showed because of the number of failed radios. SIGOs need to make this a top priority in your unit. If you can’t talk, you can’t fight.  Also, some units forgot key pieces of equipment, such as antennas and hand mikes. A good packing list (i.e., prior planning) could have prevented this.  On a more positive note, there was a lot of hard work by many signal soldiers, which was apparent from the way that problems were quickly taken care of. I thoroughly enjoyed getting to know all of you and working with you. I look forward to working with you again in the future.




a.   PUBLIC AFFAIRS COVERAGE  Please contact the S-5 at email [email protected] or by mail to HQ,278th ACR, ATTN:  S-5 (MAJ Rhonda Keisman) if you have a significant event scheduled that would be of interest for public affairs coverage.  We will prioritize events and capture all that we can. 


  1. HOMETOWN NEWS  Hometown news can be a great recruiting asset for the Tennessee Army National Guard.  Every unit in the 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment should have a representative who can contact their local newspaper with an article of such things as promotions, reenlistment, or awards.  You have better connections in your local area than regimental headquarters or state.  Let’s try to acknowledge the accomplishments of our soldiers and advertise the Tennessee Army National Guard.



a.   TABLE VIII  Well, 3/278th ACR gun was completed Jun 03 for gunnery Table VIII qualification for all assigned crews, with the results of 27 M3A2 CFV attempting and 27 crews qualified. Assigned 27  M1A1 crews and qualification of 22 crews.   Well 1/278th ACR is now under the Gun to put the additional numbers on the Score board, at the completion of their annual training during Aug 03.  Keep in mind that good crew's drills and the crews’ ability to fight their weapons systems are the keys to being 100% qualified.  Key areas of concern are boresighting of weapons systems, target acquisition, utilization of our primary sight -being the night sight.

b.   Projects in the works: to up grade the regiment's gunnery training program.

c.   Laying out and planing:  The ground breaking of 2/278th ACR  (LTA) local training area. Looks like its getting closer by the month hopes are that this LTA will be in operation for TY-04.



a. Preparation for Movement  Looking back at this year’s ATs makes me think of our vehicles.  My squadron had 2 breakdowns enroute to Ft Campbell.  We considered that to be average for us. Before we left home station on the convoy, Mr. Joles, Ms. Ferris and myself walked the convoy line.   We asked each driver for a dispatch, load plan and their drivers license.  Then we asked if they had completed a PMCS. Dispatches were not signed.  Load plans were either absent or weak.  One individual had no drivers license.  There were many discrepancies on their license. Of course, everyone told us they did a PMCS, but when we looked at things like their trailer hookups it was obvious a PMCS was not conducted. This is typical of all units across the Regiment.  I don’t believe many soldiers do a proper PMCS by the book.   They jump into a vehicle, like they do their car at home, and drive away.  When they find discrepancies, they don’t write them up on the 5988E.  Now the vehicles start to break down.  Everyone blames it on the OMS shop.  Of course, they cannot fix discrepancies they don’t know about.  So our vehicles continue to deteriorate. Looking at the -10 for my HUMMV, I can see there are many items you will miss if you do not follow the checklist. 


In aviation, we preflight with a checklist EVERY DAY.  You get to a point where you can see the pages in your mind.  It doesn’t matter.  Don’t let someone catch you without it when you preflight an aircraft.


PMCS becomes a major safety issue.  It is up to the first line supervisors to force this issue.  Force your soldiers to pull out the -10.  Check their load plans and drivers license. As always, command emphasis must be behind any program for it to be successful.


Bottom line:  two major breakdowns enroute to AT is unacceptable.  The norm is not the standard.  Set your goals to zero.


  b.  Newsletters  I will be sending out safety newsletters over the summer pertaining to summer safety.   Make every effort to pass the word.  You can use it in your safety class and then post it on you bulletin board.  Soldiers take vacations throughout the summer – not just on the 4th of July.


Let’s start with:


The Beach

·        Check with the lifeguard on surf conditions before swimming. If lifeguards give you directions or instructions from the stand, obey them.

·        Never swim alone – always use the buddy system.  Keep an eye on your kids.

·        Don't overestimate your swimming ability, especially early in the summer or in northern locations when the water is cold. Swimming ability is severely decreased in cold water.

·        Judge your ability to participate in beach activities based on your swimming skills without the assistance of rafts and other flotation devices.

·        Never dive into shallow water, or waters of unknown depth.

·        If you are confronted by a large wave and there is not enough time to get away from it, try to dive underneath the wave. Keep your body as low as possible until the wave passes over you. Timing is important, dive into the base of the wave just before it breaks. Do not dive if the water is too shallow - instead crouch and keep a low body profile.

·        Stay away from heavy meals prior to swimming.  They can cause cramps.

·        If caught in rip currents, relax and swim toward the shore at a 45-degree angle until you are free of the current. If the rip currents are strong, swim parallel with the shoreline in the same direction as the current, and then swim diagonally toward the shore. If you are not able to swim out of the currents, call or wave for help.

·        When body surfing, do not ride waves in a straight line toward shore. Instead, surf at an angle to the waves. Stay away from the white water in the wave center to avoid going "over the falls."

·        Never swim while intoxicated. Alcohol impairs judgment, unnecessary risks are taken and a swimmer will tire more easily, increasing the chance of an accident.  Alcohol dehydrates the system.

·        A sunburn will ruin your vacation.  Wear t-shirts or long sleeve shirts.  Apply sun block every hour and whenever you come out of the water.  Check the SPF rating.  Use wide brimmed hats and umbrellas.

·        Have lots of fluids available.  Heat casualties due to dehydration occur every day.  Don’t let it happen to you or a loved one.

·        It never hurts to have a first aid kit available.

·        Send me a postcard.


c.   Commanders Safety Course


      I need squadrons and separate units to get with me on the CSC.


278th OBC Regimental Calendar


As of: 07 JUL 2003















JUL 03





CSDP Inspection








CSDP Inspection

HHT, 3/278 ACR



CSDP Inspection

HHT, 1/278 ACR





2/278 TNG OFCR



Cp E 107 AVN






AUG 03








1-3 (M5)







2/278 TNG OFCR













SEP 03








05-07 (M5)










Det 1 278 MI CO




278 MI CO



1/278 DRILL


1/278 TNG OFCR








3/278 TNG OFCR




3/278 TNG OFCR




3/278 TNG OFCR